672 people have died in West Africa because of the Ebola virus. Fears of a global Ebola pandemic are “justified,” Dr. Derek Gatherer has said as Nigerian health officials try to trace 30,000 people at risk of contracting the deadly disease following the death of Patrick Sawyer and treasured virologist, Sheik Umar Khan, who had treated more than 100 Ebola patients.
The Ebola virus has swept through Western Africa, having been first detected in Guinea in February. And since then, many victims have succumbed to the awful and incurable disease. With more than 1,200 people being infected, this is the worst outbreak recorded since the Ebola virus was discovered in 1976–spreading from a village in Guinea to Sierra Leone, Liberia and Nigeria. Symptoms start with flu-like symptoms and eventually evolve into horrific internal bleeding.
Sawyer died from the Ebola virus after arriving at the airport Lagos and that was the beginning of many legitimate fears that the disease could spread West and carried across international borders by air travelers. Dr. Gatherer claims that once a person is infected, they could spread the virus to at least two people. “Anyone on the same plane could have become infected because Ebola is easy to catch,” he said. “It can be passed on through vomiting, diarrhea or even from simply saliva or sweat, as well as being sexually transmitted.” And that is where the overwhelming response of panic comes from in regards to Mr. Sawyer because he became ill on a flight, so anyone on the plane could have been infected via his bodily fluids.
There’s also a 33-year-old doctor from Texas who is suffering through the disease and is hospitalized in Monrovia, Liberia. His condition is said to have worsened and he can no longer get out of bed. The Ebola outbreak in west Africa is “speeding up rather than slowing down,” and the “reach of the spider web of infection is growing,” a leading aid charity has warned.
This “outbreak” comes at a time when campaigners have called for the FDA to speed up the approval process for TKM-Ebola, a new drug that will hopefully be the cure to the Ebola virus. This drug has been shown to be highly effective in killing the virus in primates and Phase 1 clinical trials to assess its safety in humans were started earlier this year.
Nancy Writebol, who is originally from Charlotte, North Carolina, but has been in Liberia for a decade, came down with the disease last week after working in a unit which disinfected doctors and nurses treating victims of the Ebola epidemic.
Her husband, David, is also in Liberia and is being tested every six hours to see if he has the disease. Due to Ebola’s long incubation period, he may not known for some time if he is in the clear.
The couple’s son, Jeremy, said that Mrs Writebol was in isolation, and her husband is able to see her through a window but is not allowed direct contact with her.
He told NBC’s Today show: “She’s stable. As dad put it, she’s fighting through it, and continuing to express a few symptoms, but she’s able to move around on her own, and they’re getting lots of fluids into her. She’s working real hard to get through this.”
What is actually being done to contain the deadly virus? Here are a few of the measures currently being put in place in west Africa:
• Liberian and Nigerian airports and seaports began screening international arrivals for Ebola symptoms, however these can take up to 21 days to appear
• Pan-African airline ASKY has suspended all flights to and from the capitals of Liberia and Sierra Leone over the worsening health crisis
• The Liberian Football Association has decided “to cease operations of football activities considering that football matches are contact sports and Ebola is spread through body contacts with an infected person”
Thanks to the social media efforts of many West Africans, we can keep up with what’s going on with the virus, through the hashtags #FactsOnEbola and #EbolaFacts.
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